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Tanzania

14 million people have no choice but to drink dirty water from unsafe sources.
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44 million people don't have access to adequate sanitation in Tanzania.

23M

people in Tanzania don't have access to safe water.

4,000

Over 4,000 children die every year from diarrhea due to unsafe water and poor sanitation in Tanzania.

Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa, home to 52 million people. Due to the hot, dry climate, safe water is scarce and growing enough food is often difficult for the mostly rural population.

The crisis

23 million people in Tanzania do not have access to safe water. Typically, women and children spend over two hours a day collecting water, and up to seven hours in remote areas.

Access to toilets is even lower – with 44 million people living without adequate sanitation. This is particularly problematic in densely populated, unplanned settlements.

Over 4,000 children under five die each year from preventable diarrheal diseases. There are wider impacts too, particularly on education and livelihoods.

Our approach

We have been working in Tanzania for three decades, providing communities with life-changing safe water and toilets. During this time, we have engaged with decision-makers to influence policy and encourage investment.

As in all the countries where we work, we use simple, low-cost technologies that will be more sustainable long term. These include a new type of pump designed to tackle the problem of emptying latrines in slums.

We have also used innovative mapping technology to record the location and condition of water points across the country. This will provide valuable data for use in both our service delivery and advocacy work.

Our impact

In Tanzania last year we reached:

  • 148,000 people with safe water
  • 271,000 people with improved sanitation
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Lack of access to toilets compounds the risk of violence that many experience.
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National Geographic highlights WaterAid's work

The "Burden of Thirst" feature explores water scarcity in East Africa.
Mar 15, 2010
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Prince Charles visits WaterAid's work

HRH the Prince of Wales saw WaterAid's water and sanitation work in Tanzania..
Nov 15, 2011