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Africa

WaterAid works in 37 countries worldwide, transforming millions of lives every year with safe water, sanitation and hygiene projects.
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Percentage of population with access to sanitation (WHO/UNICEF 2015)
Percentage of population with access to safe water (WHO/UNICEF 2015)
Sanitation:
20%
Water:
82%
Droughts have made water scarce and caused many people to move to unplanned urban slums where services are poor.
Sanitation:
28%
Water:
57%
Ethiopia is in the Horn of Africa, where an extended period of droughts, famines and conflicts has had a serious impact on health and life expectancy. Many children die before the age of five.
Sanitation:
15%
Water:
89%
Ghana is rich in natural resources but many of its people are unemployed or live in poverty. Access to basic services is often inadequate, affecting people's health and preventing them from escaping poverty.
Sanitation:
30%
Water:
63%
Kenya has a thriving tourist industry and exports tea, coffee and flowers around the world. But almost half the population live below the poverty line and millions lack safe water and basic toilets.
Sanitation:
30%
Water:
82%
Lesotho is a small country: an enclave within South Africa. Two in five people live below the poverty line, and despite the country's valuable natural resources it remains very poor.
Sanitation:
17%
Water:
76%
Over a decade has passed since Liberia emerged from a long and violent civil war, yet, the country’s rebuilding efforts continue. Despite challenges facing the country, there is strong political will to bring clean water and basic toilets to the millions living in poverty.
Sanitation:
12%
Water:
52%
Madagascar is famous for its unique wildlife and landscape yet across the island half the population live without access to safe water and 84% have nowhere decent to go to the toilet.
Sanitation:
41%
Water:
90%
Malawi is known as the warm heart of Africa. Despite signs of economic development, many challenges remain – in rural areas only 20% of people have access to a toilet.
Sanitation:
25%
Water:
77%
Despite exporting cotton and other resources across Africa and beyond, Mali remains one of the world's poorest countries.
Sanitation:
21%
Water:
51%
Mozambique is a former Portuguese colony in East Africa, home to over 27 million people. War, floods, droughts and earthquakes have all challenged development here.
Sanitation:
11%
Water:
58%
Niger is the largest country in West Africa but also one of the least developed. Much of it is desert and droughts are common, making accessing water difficult.
Sanitation:
29%
Water:
69%
Nigeria is the most densely inhabited country in Africa with a population of 184 million people and growing rapidly. Water and sanitation services are not keeping up with the demand, with devastating results.
Sanitation:
62%
Water:
76%
Since the genocide in 1994, Rwanda's economy has grown dramatically, showing inspiring signs of development. However, nearly two in three people live in poverty and millions still lack safe water and basic toilets.
Sanitation:
Water:
The Senegal team coordinates our operations that span West Africa.
Sanitation:
13%
Water:
63%
Sierra Leone emerged from a decade-long civil war in 2002 but the country still faces many challenges. Two thirds of the population live in poverty, and millions of people lack access to safe water and proper toilets.
Sanitation:
Water:
The South Africa team helps to coordinate our operations across Southern Africa from our regional office in Pretoria.
Sanitation:
53%
Water:
74%
Swaziland is a small country surrounded on three sides by South Africa and bordering Mozambique to the east. HIV/AIDS is widespread among the population, making the need for safe water, hygiene and basic toilets even greater.
Sanitation:
16%
Water:
56%
Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa, home to 52 million people. Due to the hot, dry climate, safe water is scarce and growing enough food is often difficult for the mostly rural population.
Sanitation:
19%
Water:
79%
Uganda has been independent since 1962 but the government structure is still changing and many people have no access to basic water and sanitation facilities.
Sanitation:
44%
Water:
65%
Zambia is one of the world's fastest growing economies, thanks to its rich resources and thriving agriculture sector. However, over half the population lives in poverty and millions lack clean water and basic toilets.